Związek Harcerstwa Polskiego (ZHP)
The Polish Scouting and Guiding Association
Founder Member of WAGGGS
Girl Guiding introduced in Poland
Number of Girl Guides in 2016
Phone / Fax
Przyrzeczenie Harcerskie Mam szczera. wole. calym ˙zyciem pe ni´c slu˙zbe. Bogu i Polsce, nie´s´c che.tna. pomoc bli´znim i by´c pos uszna. Prawu Harcerskiemu.
Polish Guide Law
- Harcerka sumiennie spelnia swoje obowia.zki wynikaja.ce z Przyrzeczenia Harcerskiego
- Na s owie harcerki polegaj jak na Zawiszy
- Harcerka jest po˙zyteczna i niesie pomoc bli´znim
- Harcerka w ka˙zdym widzi bli´zniego, a za siostre
- uwa˙za ka˙zda. inna. harcerke
- Harcerka poste.puje po rycersku
- Harcerka mi uje przyrode. i stara sie. ja. pozna´c
- Harcerka jest karna i pos uszna rodzicom i wszystkim swoim prze o˙zonym
- Harcerka jest zawsze pogodna
- Harcerka jest oszcze.dna i ofiarna
- Harcerka jest czysta w my´sli, mowie i uczynkach, nie pali tytoniu, nie pije napojów alkoholowych
Guide Law (English)
- A Guide conscientiously fulfills the duties stemming from the Guide Promise
- A Guide’s word is to be trusted like that of Zawisza the Knight
- A Guide is useful and helps others
- A Guide is a friend to everybody and a sister to every other Guide
- A Guide acts chivalrously
- A Guide loves nature and tries to get to know it
- A Guide is well disciplined and obedient to her parents and superiors
- A Guide is always cheerful
- A Guide is thrifty and generous
- A Guide is pure in thought, in word and in deed; she does not smoke or drink alcohol
Obietnica Zucha Obiecuje. by´c dobrym zuchem, zawsze przestrzega´c Prawa Zucha
Polish Brownie Law
- Zuch kocha Boga i Polske
- Zuch jest dzielny
- Zuch mówi prawde
- Zuch pamie.ta o swoich obowia.zkach
- Wszystkim jest z zuchem dobrze
- Zuch stara sie. by´c coraz lepszy
- A Brownie loves God and Poland
- A Brownie is brave
- A Brownie always tells the truth
- A Brownie remembers about her duties
- Everybody feels happy with a Brownie
- A Brownie tries to get better and better
Development of the Movement
Polish Guiding started in 1910, with a troop in Lwów, at the same time as the first two Polish Boy Scout troops were established. In January 1913, a Guide section was created within the Headquarters of Polish Scouting and Guiding. Guiding increased throughout Poland which at that time was still partitioned among Austria, Prussia and Russia. Parts of Poland were under German and Russian rule, where Guiding was not allowed and so Guiding had to operate in secret. When the First World War broke out in 1914, contacts between regions became difficult because fighting was taking place on Polish territory, and a special Guide authority was established in Warsaw. Throughout this period, before and during the First World War, Polish Guides co-operated actively with all those who worked and fought for the independence of Poland.
A new epoch for Polish Guiding and Scouting began when, after the First World War, Poland became independent again, and the war with communist Russia was won. In 1918, the nationwide organization Polish Guiding and Scouting Association (ZHP) was formally established.
In 1920, ZHP was represented at the 1st World Conference in Oxford and representatives of Polish Guides have attended World Conferences of Girl Scouts and Girl Guides since then. ZHP was a Founder Member of WAGGGS. The first national Guide Jamboree took place in 1924.
The year 1930 brought about a great change: a decision was made to establish within ZHP separate Guide and Scout Organizations, both with their own authorities at all levels. The Guide leaders created their own monthly paper called Wings which played a very important role in Polish Guiding.
In 1932, the Bucze Training School for Guide Leaders was organized in Silesia, and in the summer of that year the 7th World Conference took place in Poland, with Lady Baden-Powell among the many delegates attending.
When the Second World War broke out, many ZHP leaders left the country to continue Guiding/Scouting activity among emigré youth. The Guiding/ Scouting communities which remained in the Nazi-occupied country formed an underground organization linked to the Home Army. ‘Trefoil Union’ was one of the underground cryptonyms of the Guide Association and became well known, earning high respect from Polish society. Guides helped the weak, the poor, the homeless and children in need in different ways, and they participated in the Resistance Movement all over Poland.
When in 1944 the Red Army and the Polish Army advanced into Polish territory, the new communist regime was gradually established. Guiding became increasingly difficult to practise due to political pressure and finally, in 1950, ZHP was suspended and an organization for children with a few elements taken from Guiding and Scouting was organized in schools. Its name was ‘Scout and Guide Organization’, not ‘Pioneer’ as in other Central and Eastern European countries. Poland resigned its membership of WAGGGS in 1950.
After the political changes of 1956, ZHP was re-established, and many former Guide and Scout leaders returned to rebuild Polish Guiding and Scouting as a co-educational merged organization, not a joint one as before. But this traditional model was to survive for only a few years, as ZHP was gradually turned into a mass children’s organization, increasingly permeated by communist indoctrination. The years between 1960-1980 were difficult because of a strong influence of the Communist Party on the Association, but a number of troops preserved the best Guide and Scout traditions.
After facing years of difficulty, the laws concerning associations in Poland changed and ZHP decided, at its Congress at Bydgoszcz in 1990, to return fully to traditional values and methods, and worked intensively towards returning to both Guide and Scout World Organizations. The final part of this process was the Extraordinary Congress of ZHP on 10 June 1995, which amended the Association’s Statutes, making them fully compatible with the requirements of WAGGGS.
ZHP has good contacts with many European Associations, some with a long tradition – more than 25 years. ZHP has hosted, and attended many European events.